Inventory Cycle Predicted Markets in 2021 – That’s Now

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My final article on the stock cycle was revealed on 5/18/2021. At the moment, the economic system was going sturdy, and the enterprise cycle was in a growth. At the moment, the stock cycle dynamics appropriately indicated the next Takeaway:

The inventory-to-sales ratio was indicative of continued power in manufacturing; Commodities and rates of interest on the rise; Commodities and rates of interest peak when the inventory-to-sales ratio begins to rise; CAT and FCX to outperform the market.

The stock cycle continued to help the above conclusions. Now, nonetheless, necessary adjustments have occurred. Let me clarify.

business cycle

Peter Dag’s portfolio technique and administration

The enterprise cycle passes by means of 4 essential phases. Every stage has important implications for funding developments and is pushed by how enterprise determination makers react to financial situations.

Within the first stage, the enterprise is experiencing declining inventories and elevated demand. Shopper optimism will increase as incomes enhance after inflation due to decrease inflation and rates of interest. Companies reply to elevated gross sales by elevating manufacturing targets and constructing inventories.

Elevated manufacturing means larger demand for uncooked supplies and labour, and extra borrowing to enhance and improve capability. The result’s decrease commodity and curiosity costs, and better employment at this level.

The optimistic cycle of extra revenue, extra gross sales, extra employment, and extra manufacturing takes the enterprise cycle to the second stage. That is the time when the economic system is strengthening above its common historic tempo. Manufacturing is now rising quickly and placing upward pressures on commodities, wages, rates of interest and common inflation. Labor prices improve with inflation. Shopper optimism (College of Michigan) declines because of decrease buying energy brought on by increased inflation.

On the finish of the second part, these developments grew to become a worrying growth. The economic system is overheating and a rise in inflation is slowing down actual demand. The economic system is now coming into the third stage.

In stage 3, companies are usually not conscious that the buying energy of shoppers is lowering. Producers proceed manufacturing to maintain unit prices low and vegetation to function at full capability.

Nonetheless, there comes a time in stage 3, when gross sales develop at a slower tempo than inventories inflicting prices to rise greater than anticipated, negatively affecting income. The corporate then decides to chop manufacturing to guard income. The result’s a lower in orders for uncooked supplies, a lower in borrowing, and layoffs. Nonetheless, inflation continues to rise, decreasing the buying energy of shoppers.

The enterprise cycle is now within the fourth stage, which is crucial stage for traders because of the dangers of a major decline in inventory costs. That is the time when the bear markets are widespread and all of the excesses created within the earlier levels are eliminated.

The obligation cycle is in stage 4. It is going to proceed so long as:

  1. Stock development declines and is consistent with gross sales development. Stock development ought to drop to round 3% after inflation in keeping with latest historical past.
  2. Commodity and curiosity costs fall because the enterprise reduces buy of uncooked supplies and borrowing because of making an attempt to scale back stock development.
  3. Inflation and labor prices are lastly coming down. This can be a important growth accompanied by elevated shopper optimism because of elevated buying energy and improved income.

The primary stage enterprise cycle will transfer after the above developments.

I/S ratio.


The chart above exhibits the ratio of stock to gross sales as of Could 2022 (revealed July 15, 2022 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics). The ratio is rising, reflecting inventories rising extra quickly than gross sales. As of this writing, for instance, wholesaler inventories are up at a +16.2% year-over-year after inflation. In the meantime, post-inflation retail gross sales fell -0.6% y/y, and private revenue fell -3.3% y/y after inflation.

Inventory, sales and income

Peter Dag’s portfolio technique and administration

Inventories can be lowered drastically because it impacts income drastically. Manufacturing can be lowered sufficient to attain stock development within the 2%-4% vary after inflation.


Peter Dag’s portfolio technique and administration

In the meantime, commodities and long-term rates of interest will proceed to fall to mirror the decrease development in enterprise exercise brought on by decrease manufacturing and inventories (see chart above).


Peter Dag’s portfolio technique and administration

As urged within the above article, Caterpillar (CAT) and Freeport-McMoRan (FCX) are prone to outperform the market within the bull enterprise cycle as evidenced by the upper CAT/SPY and FCX/SPY ratio (see panels above).

Nonetheless, now that the inventory correction is forcing the enterprise cycle decrease (see backside panel within the above chart), CAT and FCX are prone to underperform the market – CAT/SPY and FCX/SPY are down. This poor efficiency will proceed so long as the enterprise cycle is trending downward.

Residence Takeaway

  • Stage 4 enterprise cycle. Stock development stays extreme, and must be lowered to low single-digit development after inflation.
  • A list slowdown can be accompanied by decrease inventory costs (SPY), decrease commodities, decrease yields, decrease manufacturing development, decrease employment, and decrease common enterprise exercise.
  • The method will proceed till inflation begins to say no in a convincing method, sufficient to enhance shopper optimism. Labor prices may also gradual, enhancing earnings expectations.
  • That is when the inventory market bottoms (SPY) and shares like Caterpillar and Freeport-McMoRan begin outperforming the market (SPY) once more.