Soyuz MS-22 to launch crew exchange mission with NASA

Soyuz MS-22 to launch crew change mission with NASA

The Soyuz MS-22 mission took off on September 21, 2022, and restarted common missions of American astronauts aboard Russian crew automobiles to the Worldwide Area Station. Nevertheless, this time round, Russia provided seats to NASA aboard Soyuz in change for Russian house company astronauts on newly launched American transport ships.

Earlier mission: Soyuz MS-21


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Soyuz MS-22 mission overview:

spacecraft naming Soyuz MS-22, 11F732 No. 751mission, ISS 68S
launch car Soyuz-2-1a 14S53
payload streamlining 11S517A
spacecraft mass ~ 7152 kg
launch web site Baikonur, place 31, pillow No. 6
Launch date and time 2022 September 21, 16:54:50 Moscow time (chart)
Docking date and time 2022 September 21 20:11 Moscow time (deliberate)
docking vacation spot ISRassvet . unit MIM1 cardperigee port
Flight period (deliberate) 6 months (188 days)
Touchdown date 2023 March 28
Primary crew at launch and touchdown Sergei Prokopyev, Dmitry Petlin and Frank Rubio
Backup crew Oleg Kononenko, Nikolai Chub and Loral O’Hara

Soyuz MS-22 mission planning

From 2020, Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko and Anna Kekina had been anticipated to fly aboard Soyuz MS-22 to start the 68th long-distance flight aboard the Worldwide Area Station. Nevertheless, by Might 2021, Sergei Prokopyev, Anna Kekina and Dmitry Petlin had been included within the crew of the Soyuz MS-22, whereas Kononenko was transferred to the follow-up mission. Roscosmos formally confirmed the crew on Might 19, 2021. On the identical time, Oleg Kononenko, Nikolai Chub and Andrei Fedyaev had been publicly appointed as backup. Nevertheless, by December 2021, Kikina was transferred to a US industrial crew (USCV-5) in an change program with NASA, in order that an American astronaut might fly aboard the Soyuz MS-22.

On January 20, 2022, Roscosmos confirmed that US astronaut Frank Rubio would exchange Kekina aboard Soyuz MS-22 if an change settlement with NASA was reached. Within the following months, NASA and Roskosmos labored out the small print of the deal for the crew change, beginning with the Soyuz MS-22 mission. The settlement ensured that with any emergency departure of 1 crew car from the ISS, the station would nonetheless have the second worldwide crew working with specialists from the Russian and American divisions.

By September 2021, the Soyuz MS-22 launch was modified within the ISS flight manifest from September 13 to September 21, 2022. Roscosmos confirmed the launch date as January 2, 2022, and set the launch time as 16:54 Moscow time. At the moment, the Soyuz MS-22 mission was anticipated to final 188 days.

Soyuz MS-22 launch marketing campaign

The spacecraft was shipped to Baikonur by rail on December 7, 2021, and arrived on the processing constructing at Website 254 on December 14, 2021. The mission rocket arrived on the Baikonur processing facility on June 29, 2022.

The mission’s energetic launch marketing campaign started in early July 2022 at Website 254.

On September 5, the primary and reserve crew arrived in Baikonur for last preparation and launch of the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft. On September 7, crew members performed typical identification workouts contained in the flight-worthy spacecraft, which had been present process last preparations contained in the processing constructing. The following day, the Soyuz MS-22 was transferred to the fuel station for loading gas elements and compressed gases.

On September 13, specialists from RKK Energia accomplished a last visible inspection of the spacecraft after which it was rolled contained in the payload aerodynamic. The ensuing load part was then raised to the vertical place once more and returned to its processing platform. On September 15, the first and reserve crew took their seats contained in the car for a last inspection of their spacecraft. Later within the day, the payload part was loaded onto a rail trailer and moved to the Car Meeting Constructing at Place 31 for integration with the Soyuz-2-1a missile. The launch car was moved to the launch pad on the morning of September 18, 2022.

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The crew of the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft conducts familiarization train throughout the flight-worthy craft on September 7, 2022.


Soyuz MS-22 launch profile

A Soyuz-2-1a rocket carrying the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft is scheduled to carry off from Website 31 in Baikonur on September 21, 2022, at 16:54:50 Moscow time (9:54 a.m. EDT).

Pushed by the simultaneous thrust of the 4 engines of the primary stage and the one motor of the second stage, the rocket will head east to align its ascent trajectory with an orbital airplane inclined 51.6 levels towards the equator. Rather less than two minutes into the flight, at an altitude of about 45 kilometers and at a velocity of 1.75 kilometers per second, the ship’s predominant emergency missile shall be disposed of, adopted instantly by the separation of 4 first stage boosters. After about 35 seconds, because the spacecraft emerges from the dense ambiance at an altitude of 79 kilometers and at a velocity of two.2 kilometers per second, the payload defending the spacecraft splits in half and falls away.

The second (fundamental) stage of the rocket will proceed to fireside as much as 4.8 minutes of flight. Moments earlier than the second stage of its operation is full, the four-chamber engine of the third stage will ignite and fireplace by way of the grating construction connecting the 2 phases. Moments after separating the primary booster at an altitude of 157 kilometers and at a velocity of three.8 kilometers per second, the tail part of the third stage will break up into three sections and likewise separate.

After a climb of 8 minutes and 49 seconds into orbit, the third stage of the Soyuz MS-22 rocket ought to launch into an preliminary orbit with an inclination of 51.6 levels towards the equator.

The Soyuz MS-22 is ready to observe a three-and-a-half hour rendezvous time file with the station and dock on the analog (earth-facing) port of the Rassvet module, MIM1, a part of the Russian Worldwide Area Station sector, at 20:11 Moscow time (1:11 p.m.) EST) the place it is going to stay for about six months till March 28, 2023. The hatch between the spacecraft and the station is scheduled to open at roughly 22:45 Moscow time (3:45 p.m. EST).

Soyuz MS-22 crew members:

Soyuz commander

Sergei Prokopyev Observe Favourite

Oleg Kononenko (Roscosmos)

Flight Engineer 1

Dmitriy Petlin (Roscosmos)

Nikolai Chub (Roscosmos)

Aviation Engineer 2

Marco Rubio (NASA)

Loral O’Hara (NASA)


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